In 2018, the Transport for London spent $270 million on bike infrastructure. For London’s 8.8 million residents that works out to $30.68 per person.
Remarks to the Port Authority of NY&NJ, 5/23/19
Last month, NJ Senate Majority Leader Loretta Weinberg challenged the administration in Washington to come up with a plan to mitigate the “transit Armageddon” that would result from the loss of the Hudson rail tunnels.1
The Senator is correct. Contingency planning for tunnel closure deserves immediate attention. Given the stalemate over funding, and the time to complete construction, replacement tunnels won’t come online for at least a decade.2
But congestive failure of the region’s transport network is something that can happen anytime, for a host of reasons. Preparing for it is something the region can, and must, do for itself.
And creation of a regional bike grid should be key component of that plan. For successful models, we can look at numerous cities that have invested heavily in cycling to reduce reliance on private cars and to supplement mass transit.
London, for instance, with 8.8 million residents, now invests $270 million per year in cycling infrastructure—$30.68 per pers.3 Transport for London (“TfL”) has built extensive bike parking at transit hubs, bike share programs, and a radial network of bike superhighways to connect outer boroughs to its central business district.
In 2017, TfL performed a strategic analysis of its network to provide a framework for future growth.4 Some of those findings are visualized in eight maps below. For scale, London spans 607 square miles, equal to Union, Hudson, Essex, Bergen and Passaic, south of Route 287.5
Figure 1.1 shows bike routes with heaviest current demand. Transport for London.
Figure 2.2 projects where residents will cycle if provided adequate connectors.
Figure 2.3 highlights areas projected to grow jobs and population.
Figure 3.2 shows where investment has greatest potential to reduce fatalities.
Figure 3.3 shows where future connections may coincide with high-use bus routes.
Figure 3.4 shows transit hubs which forecast high demand for bike parking.
Figure 3.5 depicts areas where investment can extend access to “transport deserts.”
Figure 5.1 details top candidates for further study.
A Roadmap for the Port District
The Transport for London study provides a model adaptable to the Port District. The challenges and opportunities it addresses are the same:
- Encourage biking and walking to reduce strains on transit systems
- Ensure abundant transit modes to areas of job and population growth
- Develop connections to reduce bike-ped fatalities and improve comfort
- Coordinate high-use bike and bus routes
- Establish ample bike parking at transit hubs based on demand
- Provide robust and equal transit access to currently underserved areas
- Envision areas for longer-term improvements
- Build an extended network to facilitate point-to-point travel
London is fortunate to possess a single transport entity with comprehensive responsibility, the wherewithal to access to its central business district. Although this region doesn’t have a single powerful agency, the Port Authority comes closest with its mission to facilitate bi-state travel and statutory monopoly on Hudson crossings.
Given this, and its own financial stake in the region’s well being, it is incumbent upon the Agency to take a leadership role in planning for tunnel failure. It must also engage long-term opportunities, such as congestion pricing, to take point on the secular shift to active transportation.
Viewed in this context, the Agency’s decision to spend $2 billion to maintain automotive access across the George Washington Bridge, while restoring its mile-long paths to a pedestrian standard, is wasteful and outmoded.6 Rather than fortifying the region, it increases its vulnerability if, or when, the Hudson tunnels must be closed.7
Parking for 380 bicycles at Paddington Station, London. Image Cyclehoop.
1 “Is NJ Transit ready for Mass Transit Armageddon?” NJTV-NJ Spotlight, 4/3/19, https://tinyurl.com/y54tcfe2
2 Presuming Democratic control of the White House in 2020 and a seven year construction period once funds are appropriated.
3 “In 2018, London Mayor Sadiq Khan demonstrated his continuing commitment to cycling by increasing annual funding to £214m ($267.8 million) despite central government’s complete withdrawal of the £700m annual operating grant.” “How London is Aiming to Become the World Best Big City for Cycling,” The Guardian, 12/31/18, https://tinyurl.com/y4o4f7md
4 “The SCA presents datasets, forecasts and models to justify investment needed to improve all modes of sustainable transport. It will help plan future Superhighways, Quietways and Liveable Neighbourhoods and which furthers Healthy Streets objectives to get more people walking and using public transport.” “Strategic Cycling Analysis,” Transport for London, June 2017, https://tinyurl.com/y4uzep4a
5 Union County, NJ – 105 square miles, 564K residents, Hudson – 62 miles, 692K, Essex – 130 miles, 808K, Bergen – 247 miles, 948K, Passaic (total) – 197 miles, 513K vs. London – 607 miles, 8.8M, Wikipedia
6 “Nine Ways the Port Authority’s Plan to ‘Restore the George’ Gets it Wrong,” Complete George, September 2018, http://tinyurl.com/ybeo524b
7 “With tunnel repairs in the offing, bikes are key to keeping people on the move,” NJ Spotlight,7/23/18, https://tinyurl.com/yave2bmy